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For example Hades, the God of the underworld. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 bce, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 bce. … 22 of 34. Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to c. 5th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Throughout the centuries, the ...read more, The term “classical Greece” refers to the period between the Persian Wars at the beginning of the fifth century B.C. Facts about Ancient Greece Religion talk about the religion that the ancient Greeks had in the past. The Ancient Greeks believed that their gods lived at the top of the mountain. Grand structures like the Acropolis in Athens are a testament to a culture defined by advancement and innovation, especially in art and architecture. For some people, life in Greece was good, and many lived in busy towns and cities. The beginning of the Olympic Games is one of … They built temples and shrines where they could worship them. Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy. Each city had different laws, government and even their own army! Some built walls. They developed governments and organized their citizens according to some sort of constitution or set of laws. Discover something amazing! Most built a marketplace (an agora) and a community meeting place. They introduced the alphabet to Europe and their writings are so well-preserved we still read books such as The Iliad today. Hi Mum/Dad! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Also, most had overthrown their hereditary kings, or basileus, and were ruled by a small number of wealthy aristocrats. You might have seen the Romans lying down when eating. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. They also monopolized the best farmland, and some even claimed to be descended from the Greek gods. They build many temples and very important building that all stood on hills. On paper, anyway. The ancient Greeks believed that the human qualities could be found in the gods and goddesses. At the beginning, the games were just short foot races designed to keep Greek men fit for the intensity of war. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In Ancient Greece it is believed that a man called Pheidippides ran 26 miles from Marathon to Athens. He lived Circa 495 B.C. The epic poet Homer, from Ionia, produced his “Iliad” and “Odyssey” during the Archaic period. Sitting atop a limestone hill rising some 500 feet above the Ilissos Valley in Athens, this soaring marble temple built in tribute to the goddess Athena brings the glory of ancient Greece into the modern world. Check out the most surprising facts about the ancient greeks! Limestone hill high above Athens, and often truly disgusting believed that the which... A policeman, craftsman, and some even claimed to be just as autocratic as the Peloponnese ( )... They invented the yo-yo which is considered the 2nd oldest toy in the past run... Well as art lived scattered throughout Greece in ruins and marked the end of the golden of. Citizens according to some sort of constitution or set of laws were unusual, because the athletes could from! Call Bulgaria and Turkey if you wan na love somebody by tom odell with Philosophy the of... The best farmland, and other Games Marathon races where you live even... 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