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https://earthjustice.org/features/explainer-marine-national-monument It encompasses 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean (1,508,870 square kilometers) - an area larger than all the country's national parks combined. They are among the most isolated and pristine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge hosts the world’s largest albatross colony. Environmentalists sued the Trump administration on Wednesday over the president's decision to allow commercial fishing in a protected marine monument designated by former President Obama. For a breakdown of the Trump Administration’s actions by monument/sanctuary, see our specific pages on Marine National Monuments and Marine Sanctuaries. Species that frequent the monument include whales, dolphins, seabirds and turtles, as well as fish that migrate long distances, such as tuna, billfish, swordfish and sharks. The Seamount marine monument, created by President Obama in 2016, sprawls over nearly 5,000 square miles of the Atlantic, about 130 miles off the coast of Cape Cod. Coral and Ulua found in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. The United States Marine Corps War Memorial represents this nation's gratitude to Marines and those who have fought beside them. Fish and Wildlife Service) and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) Government, in cooperation with the Department of Defense and the Department of State.Monument designation provides international, national, and local recognition that the Marianas is a refuge for seabi… The United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) is a national memorial located in Arlington County, Virginia, in the United States.The memorial was dedicated in 1954 to all Marines who have given their lives in defense of the United States since 1775. Learn more about the planning process and how you can get involved. The U.S. The problem began earlier, however, in 2006 when President George W. Bush designated the first “ocean monument”: the 89-million-acre Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, located in the Northwestern Hawaiin Islands, which has since swelled significantly larger. (Photo: Kydd Pollock), Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument. The United States Marine Corps War Memorial represents this nation's gratitude to Marines and those who have fought beside them. Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (NPS) Oregon National Monuments . Marine protected areas like Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument are a key mechanism for protecting ocean biodiversity and the planet. Under NOAA's existing authorities and the Antiquities Act of 1906 (which authorizes the U.S. President to reserve lands and waters of the nation as National Monuments), the Marine National Monument Program works with federal and regional partners and stakeholders to conserve and protect the marine resources in these large marine protected areas. So what’s a marine national monument? Environmentalists sued the Trump administration on Wednesday over the president's decision to allow commercial fishing in a protected marine monument designated by … For example, one wildlife refuge in the monument, Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge,  supports more kinds of coral and cnidarians (jellyfish, sea anemones and related aquatic animals — 180 to 190 species) than any other atoll or reef island in the central Pacific — twice as many as are found in Hawaii or Florida. The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (roughly / p ɑː p ɑː ˈ h ɑː n aʊ m oʊ k u ˌ ɑː k eɪ. More than 82,600 pounds of marine debris and trash were removed during a 16-day cleanup project at Lalo (French Frigate Shoals) within Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. How to cite this article, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, NOAA Fisheries Marine National Monument Program. It’s a first, to be sure, borrowing from its land-based cousin, the national monument, which is a protected area much like a national park. Coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to over 7,000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Lobstermen’s Association v. The monument protects a unique portion of the U.S. Atlantic Ocean that is home to a broad diversity of marine life including fish, sharks, corals, whales, and seabirds. The Monument Management Plan (MMP) will integrate individual refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plans (CCPs) and NOAA’s monument management activities and regulations for fishery-related activities. June 15, 2006 President Bush establishes the first national marine monument (later renamedPapahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument). World War II relic and Laysan albatross at Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. The Monument Management Plan (MMP) will integrate individual refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plans (CCPs) and NOAA’s monument management activities and regulations for fishery-related activities. Some sanctuaries are breeding and feeding grounds for endangered whales, others contain thriving coral reefs or kelp forests, and many are home to historic shipwrecks and other archaeological treasures. Coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to over 7,000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago. 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