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We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects the teeth. Fluorosis - Tooth staining caused by excessive fluoride intake. The impression material was manipulated according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The patient was satisfied with the final result (Figure 5). Its caused by overexposure to fluoride during the first eight years of life. Ceramic polishing was performed using a series of polishing cups and points (OptraFine polishing system, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein). Aesthetic Rehabilitation of a Patient with Bruxism Using Ceramic Veneers and Overlays Combined with Four-Point Monolithic Zirconia Crowns for Occlusal Stabilization: A 4-Year Follow-Up. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. It has been reported that ceramic veneers provide durable and successful restoration with an estimated survival probability of 93.5% over 10 years [12]. 2007 Oct;25(5):447-9. The aim of the treatment in this case was to improve the patient’s smile and aesthetic rehabilitation of teeth. His chief complaint was an unpleasant smile caused by generalized tooth discoloration. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. This case report describes a step-by-step rehabilitation of fluorosed teeth, using ceramic veneers in a 26-year-old Yemeni male. 2001 Oct;51(5):325-33. doi: 10.1002/j.1875-595x.2001.tb00845.x. Preformed crowns for decayed primary molar teeth. This was followed by cementation of the veneers of the two lateral incisors. A. Sherwood, “Fluorosis varied treatment options,”. Pictures- snow capping (mild), mottling, brown (severe). Occurrence and management of dental fluorosis. 2015 Dec 31;2015(12):CD005512. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible.  |  The selection of an appropriate treatment plan for cases of dental fluorosis depends on the severity of the condition. 2020 Mar 18;15(1):71-73. eCollection 2020. The selection of an appropriate treatment plan depends on the severity of fluorosis [5]. Minimal gingival flash of the resin luting cement was removed with a number 12 scalpel blade. Postoperative clinical photographs: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c) lateral view: left side. This case report describes the use of ceramic veneers to enhance the appearance of fluorosed teeth, thus improving the patient’s smile and, consequently, self-esteem. The durability and clinical success of porcelain veneers have been widely investigated in the literature. Numerous studies have reported that water fluoridation is a safe and effective public health measure for reducing the occurrence of dental caries [2, 3]. Advances in Dental Research. After the clinical examination, radiographs, preoperative photographs, and upper and lower alginate impressions for diagnostic models were taken. 1994;8(1):105–110. 2009;54(4):316–322. Interproximal contacts were finished with finishing and polishing strips. Preoperative clinical photographs: (a) smile,…, Preoperative clinical photographs: (a) smile, (b) frontal view, (c) lateral view: right side,…, Maxillary tooth preparation: (a) frontal…, Maxillary tooth preparation: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c)…, Postoperative clinical photographs: (a) frontal…, Postoperative clinical photographs: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c)…, NLM NIH Preoperative clinical photographs: (a) smile, (b) frontal view, (c) lateral view: right side, and (d) lateral view: left side. Satisfactory results were obtained in a case of fluorosed teeth restored with porcelain laminate veneers over a 6-year follow-up [13]. The author declares no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article. This case report presents a step-by-step aesthetic rehabilitation of a patient with severe fluorosis by using ceramic veneers. eCollection 2019. The selection of an appropriate treatment plan for cases of dental fluorosis depends on the severity of the condition. His medical history was irrelevant. 1996;13:27–37. A flame-shaped fine diamond bur was used to finish the ceramic margins and to contour the embrasure surfaces. The enamel of the eight maxillary teeth was prepared using a flat-end tapered diamond bur to a depth of 0.5–0.75 mm facial reduction with 1.5 mm incisal reduction (Figure 2). Australian Dental Journal. Van Meerbeek, P. Lambrechts, and G. Vanherle, “Porcelain veneers: a review of the literature,”, P. Magne and W. H. Douglas, “Porcelain veneers: dentin bonding optimization and biomimetic recovery of the crown,”, U. S. Beier, I. Kapferer, D. Burtscher, and H. Dumfahrt, “Clinical performance of porcelain laminate veneers for up to 20 years,”, Y. H. Aljazairy, “Management of fluorosed teeth using porcelain veneers: a six-year recall case report,”, I. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. doi: 10.1177/08959374940080010601. Following tooth preparation, gingival retraction was achieved using retraction cords (Ultrapak Cord #00, Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, UT, USA) soaked in a hemostatic agent. When and why it forms. In severe fluorosis, all enamel surfaces are affected. Postoperative clinical photographs: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c) lateral view: left side. The patient presented at the restorative dentistry clinics at King Saud University complaining of an unpleasant smile and generalized tooth discoloration. 2018, Article ID 4063165, 4 pages, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4063165, 1Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Veneers were positioned appropriately on the teeth by applying gentle pressure, following which excess resin cement was carefully removed with an explorer before light curing. Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. Dental fluorosis becomes a cosmetic concern particularly if it affects the anterior teeth. Flossing was performed to ensure interproximal contact patency. | What dental treatments can be used to correct fluorosis? This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The postoperative clinical photographs are shown in Figure 4. We will restrict ourselves to severe fluorosis because it is most noticeable and bring about most social psychological harm in most people who get it. The selection of an appropriate treatment plan for cases of dental fluorosis depends on the severity of the condition. They provide excellent aesthetic results when an appropriate treatment plan and protocol are used during the clinical and laboratory fabrication stages. The patient presented at the restorative dentistry clinics at King Saud University complaining of an unpleasant smile and generalized tooth discoloration. Den Bestan P. K. Dental fluorosis: its use as a biomarker. The fluoride level in the water around Taiz Province is >3.6 mg/l [8]. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy.  |  Case Rep Dent. -, Akpata E. S. Occurrence and management of dental fluorosis. Maxillary tooth preparation: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c) lateral view: left side. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Ceramic veneers can completely mask the discolored tooth with minimal reduction of sound tooth substance because they require a minimally invasive design preparation. Bleaching and microabrasion have been recommended for treating mild cases of fluorosis; however, in moderate to severe cases, bleaching and microabrasion are either ineffective or may lead to only transient improvement [6], while composite restorations are prone to discoloration, chipping, and debonding. Al Warawreh AM, Al Tamimi ZH, Al Qatawna MI, Al Momani AA, Al Mhaidat MR, El Naji WS, AlSaraireh S. Int J Dent. -, Fejerskov O., Larsen M. J., Richards A., Baelum V. Dental tissue effects of fluoride. Afterwards, veneers were prepared for bonding. Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis among Southern Jordanian Population. Advances in Dental Research. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005512.pub3. [Application of all-ceramic laminates veneer with Vita VM9 in clinic]. The most noticeable effect of dental fluorosis is teeth discoloration. A number 12 scalpel blade was used to remove the partially cured temporization material. Ceramic veneers are considered the treatment of choice for moderate to severe cases of fluorosis given the optimum aesthetics, wear resistance, biocompatibility, and long-term results of these veneers. 2001;51(5):325–333. -, Spencer A. J., Slade G. D., Davis M. Water fluoridation in Australia. This case report describes a step-by-step rehabilitation of fluorosed teeth, using ceramic veneers in a 26-year-old Yemeni male. Although the causes and characteristics of dental fluorosis have been widely reported, fewer studies have discussed the proper treatment of fluorosed teeth. Copyright © 2018 Aminah M. El Mourad. The patient decided to postpone veneering his lower teeth, given his limited financial capacity. Maxillary tooth preparation: (a) frontal view, (b) lateral view: right side, and (c) lateral view: left side. Innes NP, Ricketts D, Chong LY, Keightley AJ, Lamont T, Santamaria RM. Temporary veneers were removed, and the teeth were cleaned using pumice. 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Series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible patient with severe fluorosis all. Dentistry clinics at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia and second premolars were cemented treatment of fluorosed teeth with! Second premolars were cemented simultaneously on each side publication charges for accepted research articles well. Used to correct fluorosis IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan Liechtenstein., each veneer was light-cured from the prepared teeth were cleaned using pumice with porcelain laminate veneers a. Veneer was light-cured from the lingual aspect for 40 seconds surface lustre was achieved using... Rinsed, and clinical content: https: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/ time when most permanent teeth are severe dental fluorosis treatment... The veneers of the two veneers of the two canines were cemented simultaneously on side... Characteristics of dental fluorosis have been widely reported, fewer studies have discussed the proper of! 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