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For example, over F7, the keys on either side are of F in the circle of 5ths are C and Bb, and so the C and Bb blues scales would both sound great over F7. So for example, a 251 in F Major, we could play the F Major blues scale over all 3 chords, G-7, C7 and Fmaj7 – and it will work well. Blues is not only an exciting, popular and guitar friendly style of music, but a very influential style as well. All Rights Reserved. “Straight no Chaser” is most often played in the key of F. Its very closely related to the standard jazz blues so learn that progression first. In the simple blues, this lasts for the whole line which is 4 bars, or a third of the entire progression. Well there are actually 2 other type of blues scale called the ‘major blues scale’ and the ‘extended blues scale’. A basic twelve bar blues is made of 3 chords. 12 Bar Blues on Ukulele in C. The standard variation of the 12 bar blues scale in C follows the sequence has the ukulele blues chords of C7, F, and G7 normally Incorporated. In the key of E it would be E(root), A(the 4th) and B (the 5th). Blues progressions are almost exclusively played in 4/4 time and dominated by the root (I Chord), with the IV and V chords providing that … It’s important to understand that the 12 bar blues is a cycle and it is repeated many times during a performance. To change your privacy setting, e.g. Hi Hayden, could you tell me an iRealPro – like sofware for Windows? The 2 genres are intrinsically linked, in particular when we are playing the jazz blues progression which is what this course focuses on. A typical I IV V blues progression in the key of D using open position dominant 7th chords. In this lesson, we will focus on basic chording techniques for the beginning blues rhythm guitarist. 4 note voicings can also be used in our left hand when playing the blues or jazz blues. Join PianoGroove Pro to access all downloads and learning resources. On the second line, we have 2 bars of the IV chord which is Bb7 and then back 2 bars of the I chord which is F7. In example 1 below, a 12 bar blues progression is shown in the key of G, using open position dominant 7th chords, the type of chord typically associated with a bluesy sound. Essentially, the blues is a specific progression that uses the C7, F7, and G7 chords. So for example, over a 251 in D Minor, the D Minor blues scale would sound great. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs, pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/blues-scale-improvisation-tutorial/, pianogroove.com/jazz-piano-lessons/this-masquerade-improvisation/, pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/the-major-blues-scale/, pianogroove.com/jazz-piano-lessons/approach-patterns-target-notes/, pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/chicago-blues-hand-independence/, pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/new-orleans-blues-funk/, pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/boogie-woogie-piano-course/. The basic 12 bar blues progression can be played in any key and will use the I, IV, and V chords from that key. So if you are playing over a dominant chord, you know that using the first 4 notes of the blues scale built a 5th higher (F Minor Blues Scale over Bb7 for example) would give you the 5, b7, root and b9. For a review of the roman numerals system see the lesson on diatonic chords. Explanation of the 12 Bar Blues Chord Progression 3. Finally, the blues has virtually endless variations and permutations, as an example, check out our courses on Chicago Blues, Boogie Woogie, & New Orleans Blues below, and notice how the voicings used by our different teachers are all different depending on the context and style being played: pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/chicago-blues-hand-independence/ Chords are usually identified in roman numerals I-IV-V. The most fundamental way to play chords in the style in blues is to adopt a 12 bar structure. This looks amazing and exactly what I have been looking for. This extra colour is often very nice in my opinion. This is because of the similarities in the key. The major blues scale gives you a cheerier, more gospel-infused sound. 2. The main point here is that you are analysing the notes of the scale in relation to the underlying harmony. Here are all the chords used in this exercise: !function(e,r,d){var t,c=e.getElementsByTagName(r)[0];e.getElementById(d)||(t=e.createElement(r),t.id=d,t.src="https://uberchord-backend.firebaseapp.com/uberchord-embed-sdk.js",c.parentNode.insertBefore(t,c))}(document,"script","uberchord-jssdk"); This example shows a typical I IV V blues progression in the key of E using open position dominant 7th chords. 12 Bar-Blues Chords in All Natural Keys. We do this by grace noting off the Bb into the B Natural. 12 bar blues is the most commonly used blues form. The inclusion of the b9 in particular makes this an excellent choice of scale to use over Bb7. Introduction In this lesson, you will learn about the chords used in the 12 bar blues chord progression. Mastery of the blues and rhythm changes are "critical elements for building a jazz repertoire". Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. 12 Bar Blues Chord Progressions. The blues chord progression lasts 12 bars (thus the phrase “12-bar blues”) that move in a familiar pattern using those three chords. 12 Bar blues in E. The first package with typical blues chords. In the 4th and 8th measure, a single note riff is used to “break up” the pattern that dominates this example. The 1st(root), the 4th, and the 5th chords of the major scale. In the key of C the chords would be C major F major and G major. In the next lesson we are going to introduce the jazz blues form. A good progression to start with is to play the C7 chord for 4 bars, 2 bars of the F chord, 2 bars of the C7 chord, one bar of the G7, a bar of F, and 2 bars of C7. When we say ‘blues scale’ – we are often referring to the ‘minor blues scale’. The 12 bar blues is the most common blues chord progression. The reason I wanted to highlight this point about blues scales over 251s, is that when you move onto the Jazz Blues Progression, we add both a major and minor 251 into the 12 bar form, and so understanding this will help you choose the most appropriate blues scale to get the sound you desire. Playing the 12 Bar Blues Chord Progression in the Key of C 4. The 12-Bar Blues Chords. We actually cover this exact concept later in this blues series, check out this lesson: pianogroove.com/blues-piano-lessons/blues-scale-improvisation-tutorial/. Whereas the minor blues scale gives you a darker, somewhat funkier sound. On the 3rd line, we have 1 bar of the V chord which is C7, 1 bar of the IV chord which is Bb7 and then a final 2 bars of the I chord (F7) to finish the form. Conclusion II. The chords are identified as being built on the 1, 4, or 5 with roman numerals I7, IV7, and V7, which also indicates that they are dominant 7th chords. This boils down to personal taste. The trick is to focus on the notes that work well with the chord you are playing it over. Notice how the same rhythmic pattern is used throughout. Hope this helps! Remember that this is the simplest and most basic of all blues forms but it’s important to understand & internalize this sequence before adding more chords into the progression. Playing the 12 Bar Blues Chord Progression in All 12 Keys 5. The 12 bar blues is the most common blues chord progression. The blues is most commonly played in the keys of F, Bb & Eb. As it's name would suggest, it is made up of 12 bars (or measures), which are laid out in a very specific order: The progression uses the I, IV and V chords of the major scale. Would it be a correct generalisation to say that these blues voicings are derived by taking the left-hand voicings from jazz and then taking out the second from the bottom note? The twelve-bar blues (or blues changes) is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music. In its basic form, it is predominantly based on the I, IV, and V chords of a key. Typically built on a 12 bar progression, a blues may be built on a single note riff or on a chord progression, or perhaps a combination of the two. In example 1 below, a 12 bar blues progression is shown in the key of G, using open position dominant 7th chords, the type of chord typically associated with a bluesy sound. Check out the lesson that I reference, and if you would like me to elaborate on anything I mention here, just let me know . 2) I then wanted to explain the concept of the major and minor blues scales, and how this applies to scale choice over major and minor 251 progressions. I’d recommend that you try the different blues scales over the different chord types. In the basic F Blues, the 12 bars are only made up of 3 different chords: F7, Bb7 and C7. For minor 251s, you can play over the entire progression with the minor blues scale of the I chord. You will also find blues written in other keys but these two are by far the most common. This is because the flat keys are preferred by horn instrumentalists such as the sax and trumpet players. That does not mean that you can’t play it, it just means that you should handle it with care (or perhaps resolve it into the major 3rd D natural). Instead use your knowledge of rootless voicings, chord extensions and alterations to create interesting sounding left hand voicings. This item: 12- Bar Blues Piano: Riffs, Chords, & Tricks You Can Learn Today! Examples of chords to use and other instructions are presented below. What about using the Bb blues scale over F and/or C? Strum through the example using quarter notes as shown, or using 8th note rhythms. Finished sound fast and easy with LANDR Mastering. We will then explore some different ways you can voice the chords using our knowledge of rootless chord voicings, chord extensions and alterations. The blues scales from neighbouring keys on the circle will give you a slightly less consonant sound than when you play the blues scale of the original chord. It checks out but I am wondering if this is a thing people think about as I haven’t heard anyone talk about the fact post-bop jazz seems to like the four-part voicings and blues these three-part – why is this?? We will start off right at the beginning, talking about what the 12 bar blues is, how it is constructed, and how it is played. Bars (also called measures) in blues can best be described as consisting of a count of four. To find out how you use these chords and what a 12 bar chord progression is, please join my online piano blues course now to get access to tutorial videos, sheet music and handy notes covering artists such as Jerry Lee Lewis, Fats Domino, Jools Holland, Ray Charles and many more. The extended blues scale is then a combination of both, in fact, this scale is almost the chromatic scale which is also an interesting point. Get started today.LANDR Mastering gives you the tools to finish more music. This works anywhere on the circle, so for example, over D7 or D-7, you could play the D blues scale, and you could also play the A and G blues scales. This was just a for demonstration purposes. The classic 12 bar Blues progression is one of the most popular progressions of the 20th century and it spanned beyond Blues into Jazz and even influenced traditional Gospel music. In your 1st example your key signature shows 2 sharps which is the key of D. That could be very confusing to a beginner who might not know how many sharps or flats are in a certain key. Content 1. We identify that the F Blues Scale over Bb7 gives you the 5th, 7th, root, b9, 9, and 11th, in terms of Bb7 . Play this example with a straight 8th and a shuffle feel. 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