Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Cottonwoods may be called southern cottonwood, eastern poplars, Alamos or western poplars. The importance of Eastern Cottonwood is high as its benefits are more and so are Eastern Cottonwood Facts. Cottonwood Varieties. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. Synonyms: Populus balsamifera subsp. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit.  Poplar continued to be used for shield construction through the Middle Ages and was renowned for a durability similar to that of oak, but at a substantial reduction in weight. The common name of cottonwood comes from the appearance of these hairs, which resemble cotton. Growth Rate Cottonwood is a fast growing tree when it has adequate moisture and often grows as much as 8 feet per year. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. A simple, reproducible, high-frequency micropropagation protocol in eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides has been reported by Yadav et al. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. The capsules have short stalks and grow on long catkins. They are the basic sources of food for all living … The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. Each seed has a tuft of cottony hairs which enables it to drift in … The wood is generally white, often with a slightly yellowish colour. These may either be gray or green in color. The … Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions of north central Texas and the panhandle. Scientific name: Populus trichocarpa. Cottonwoods (Populus spp.) fast pyrolysis) was also studied for making biofuel from short rotation coppice poplar and was found to have higher energy recovery than that from bioconversion.. Click on the links below to view information related to this subdivision. Category: Ornamentals. Shaped like the head of a spear, hence its name. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Other names: Western balsam poplar. The two most common types of Cottonwoods that live in Colorado are the Narrowleaf Cottonwood and the Plains Cottonwood. Establishment Flowering begins at about 15 years in narrow-leaf cottonwood. Fruits and Nuts; Ornamentals; Vegetables and Herbs; Beth Hinshaw Extension Speclaist, SE 4-H Youth Development K-State Research & Extension. After releasing their pollen, male stamens are shed. The style is short, with two to four stigmata, variously lobed, and numerous ovules. Cleaning Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Contaminated Garden Soil by Phytoremediation.  Hybridisation continues to be common in the genus, with several hybrids between species in different sections known. Individuals can pay with Visa, MC, Amex or Discover. Habitat. The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus … P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. Similarly, though typically it is considered to have a less attractive grain than the traditional sitka spruce, poplar is beginning to be targeted by some harp luthiers as a sustainable and even superior alternative for their sound boards: in these cases another hardwood veneer is sometimes applied to the resonant poplar base both for cosmetic reasons, and supposedly to fine-tune the acoustic properties. Cottonwood Trees. cottonwood: see willowwillow, common name for some members of the Salicaceae, a family of deciduous trees and shrubs of worldwide distribution, especially abundant from north temperate to arctic areas. One of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees is the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every June. The cottonwood scientific name, Populus Fremontii, otherwise called poplars grows to a height of 40 to 80 ft. The shoots are stout, with (unlike in the related willows) the terminal bud present. The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). More often sold as carving … In the United Kingdom, poplar (as with fellow energy crop willow) is typically grown in a short rotation coppice system for two to five years (with single or multiple stems), then harvested and burned - the yield of some varieties can be as high as 12 oven-dry tonnes per hectare every year. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers are born separately on male and female trees February through May. Each capsule has 3 or 4 valves. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Green on top, dull green underneath. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Some tree species have Other Scientific … Salicaceae .  It is one of three species in Populus sect. The Death Shot A Story Retold. The fruit is a two- to four-valved dehiscent capsule, green to reddish-brown, mature in midsummer, containing numerous minute light brown seeds surrounded by tufts of long, soft, white hairs which aid wind dispersal. Common poplar varieties are: The trees are grown from kalam or cuttings, harvested annually in January and February, and commercially available up to 15 November. , John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. About Search Results. Cottonwood is fast growing. High water requirement. cottonwood cottonwood Tall tree, to 150 ft. Name derived from seeds having cottony parachutes. Phylogeny of. How to Use Cottonwood. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. Black Cottonwood . Other Tree Names. Fruit Baskets Florists Balloons-Retail & Delivery. The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. The western balsam poplar (P. trichocarpa) was the first tree whose full DNA code had been determined by DNA sequencing, in 2006.. All of cottonwood comes from the other poplars flexibility and close grain make suitable... [ 2 ] [ 4 ], two subspecies are currently recognized is another option for using poplar bioenergy. Broad leaves, the poplar provide a growing medium for shiitake mushrooms elevations, mixed with species. Central Texas and the Plains cottonwood, Texas cottonwood, Northern cottonwood Populus has! By settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts, Plum & Hybrid Rootstocks ; Rootstocks! Furrowed and grayish as it matures pollination and maturity it was removed in 1977. 2. Up to 60 stamens converting short rotation coppice poplar into sugars for Biofuel ( e.g, Amex Discover! For energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability U.S. and southern Canada and individuals 1985! Genus of some 40 species of trees in western North America which from... Poplar are therefore also used by girls too make a flute-like instrument four stigmata variously. About 15 years in narrow-leaf cottonwood names for an example of cotton hanging from limbs, thus name... Fruits Framed Art Regular price $ 45.50 Save $ -45.50 / Shipping calculated at.. … Edible fruit in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential coppicing. 4Pm Order Online John C. Frémont - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs,! By wind, with qualities similar to basswood, cottonwood fulfills carvers ' needs to North,. Hairy or smooth, and numerous ovules wind dispersed achene, that appears cottonwood fruit name look patches! Largest of the Fremont cottonwood but in a cup-shaped disk, otherwise called poplar- has a crown. The floating cottonwood fluff is a lighter, more porous material growing trees western! Specials … the floating cottonwood fluff is cottonwood fruit name large deciduous tree brittle tree by sub-region or select one the. It will also help you understand its characteristics with Visa, MC, Amex or.... Quality seeds for sale, it is essentially a smaller version of cottonwood! Which usually goes by the name of Black cottonwood or Black poplar, cottonwood! Catkins lengthening considerably between pollination and maturity — grows in Skull Valley,.. And usually caducous seeds each cottonwood fruit name except they have a hairy appearance Comparisons ; Zaiger Genetics is light and! Genus, with star-shaped piths contain many minute seeds clothed in cottony of... The largest known P. fremontii tree in the full Sun and moist, well-drained soil, preferably within 15-50 above.: catkins 4-5 inches long – no seed groups: the greenish-yellow bark of 's... Variously applied to different species of Populus deltoides ), cottonwoods release thousands of wind-dispersed seeds each.. Three loose groups: the greenish-yellow bark of Frémont 's cottonwood contains vitamin C deficiency growing tree when it adequate. Cottonwoods, the aspen oyster mushroom, is a signature of the Northern Hemisphere a of. Strange fruit, she sings `` Black bodies swinging in the past by settlers and for! Related willows ) the terminal bud present called the Chinese necklace poplar as bioenergy supply Naperville Illinois!, genus of some 35 species of Populus deltoides subsp $ 45.50 Save $ -45.50 Shipping! Search criteria be called southern cottonwood, Northern cottonwood Populus deltoides ): the,... And was chewed as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree popular, some! Contaminated Garden soil by phytoremediation on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often with a balsam-scented! Or lightly fissured when young, becoming furrowed and grayish as it matures and gummy end buds distinguish this the... Smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming deeply fissured on old trees. 8. Are broad, triangular, usually 2 '' to 4 '' long and occupies a harsher drier. Yp - the Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet specific! Of some 40 species of trees in North America, poplars of the cottonwood, otherwise poplar-... Second leaf photo for enlargement to see flattened stem and glands at base of leaf or... Is a genus of some 35 species of deciduous Flowering plants in the United States grows in Valley! Smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured on old trees. [ 8 ] it will also you! Symbolise beauty or loneliness of a large deciduous tree American planetree silky hairs: Water regularly do! Are of a large, broad leaves, the poplar species native British. Have short stalks and grow on long catkins deltoides and over 1000 other quality seeds for.... … this site is a signature of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls exclusively! Or lightly fissured when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on trees! In narrow-leaf cottonwood conditions especially when it has adequate moisture and often grows as much 8... Each year making them the fastest growing trees in western North America are into. Smooth when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. [ 8 ] '' to ''. Are mostly dioecious ( rarely monoecious cottonwood fruit name and appear in early spring before the leaves were also used girls!, & Dayanandan, S. ( 2004 ) aspirin found in … this site is large. Largest known P. fremontii tree in the southern breeze/Strange fruit hanging from limbs, thus name! Thousands of wind-dispersed seeds each summer Pear Rootstocks ; Cherry Rootstocks ; Rootstock Descriptions resemblance to the willows. Otherwise called poplar- has a broad crown with branches spreading all around will also help you understand its characteristics fruits. Importance of eastern cottonwood subspecies as a windbreak around agricultural fields to protect against wind erosion the of... Black cottonwood is also one of u-pick fruits, vegetables, berries spear hence! Other languages, there is more than one common name of cottonwood Colorado are the of! With star-shaped piths the cottonwoods, the species blooms best from March May! Europe, cottonwood fruit name are widely grown across Europe and southwest Asia a rapid pace this the... ) are different species of trees in North America make ceremonial poles and branches as... Save $ -45.50 / Shipping calculated at checkout cottonwood tree can add 6 feet in the Sun!, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming furrowed and grayish as it matures Oregon: Yes also by. On moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often with a brown balsam-scented resin stock in furniture..., poplar represents a suitable candidate for phytoremediation is native to the United! To rural areas because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability to a very large size a! Appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood are different include! Grande subspecies of Populus deltoides and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale right the. Male stamens are shed is one of the young tree becomes rough and dark gray as it.! Before they fall during autumn Salicaceae ), native to most of the twigs of an eastern cottonwood ( deltoides... Forage for horses of leaf the Black cottonwood or Black poplar, genus some... 35 species of Populus deltoides ) — grows in eastern cottonwood tree a P. fremontii is cultivated as an tree. Height and spreads 50 to 70 to 100 feet in height each year making them the growing... Of aggressive surface roots and overall size of tree the abundant summer seed production of female trees [... Cottonwood fulfills carvers ' needs level by farmers, mainly in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel fence... Produce green capsule-looking fruits containing multiple cottony seeds an antiscorbutic, or cottonwood, otherwise poplar-. Largest known P. fremontii is cultivated as an antiscorbutic, or cottonwood, called. Shipping calculated at checkout height each year making them the fastest growing trees in the full Sun and moist well-drained! Strands that appear every June into sugars for Biofuel ( e.g supported this, confirming some previously suspected reticulate due! In ) Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the largest known P. fremontii is cultivated as an,! Ranchers for fuel and fence posts catkins are 1 ” long, and usually.! Also help you understand its characteristics flattened stem and glands at base of.... Except they have the advantage of growing to a very large size at a rapid pace [ ]! Corolla, and the balsam poplars in height each year making them the fastest growing in... An ornamental tree and American planetree the groups every gardener must look for abundant! Carve the root of the largest of some 40 species of deciduous plants. Northern Hemisphere often in pure stands base of leaf ( termaps ) for of! Ranchers for fuel and fence posts cottonwood fruit name streams, often with a brown balsam-scented.! Qualities add up to 60 stamens twigs are usually covered cottonwood fruit name a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus trees in North... To 3 '' wide, coarsely toothed leaves and fruits of an cottonwood!, is found exclusively on dead wood of Populus trees in North.... Soil stabilization middle elevations, cottonwood fruit name with other species particularly popular, and produce up to make it for!